Generic coexistence problems

The 2.4 GHz ISM (Industrial, Scientific, and Medical) band is a range of radio frequencies that are globally available for the use of unlicensed wireless devices. The 2.4 GHz band is popular for use in wireless technologies such as Wi-Fi®, Bluetooth® , and the IEEE 802.15.4 standard.

The concurrent and co-located operation of different 2.4 GHz radio standards cause mutual interference, degrading each other’s performance. In addition, the 2.4 GHz band is susceptible to interference from other types of electronic equipment, such as microwave ovens, cordless phones, and certain types of medical equipment.

The interference between devices can cause disruptions to wireless communication and affect the reliability of Wi-Fi networks. To minimize interference, devices that use these technologies must be designed to share the available spectrum in a way that minimizes disruption.